Insomnia Hypnotherapy- Does it Really Work? See the Science

Plus How You Can Get the Best From Your Treatment

By Susanna Sweeney, MSC, MBACP, CHT

You are probably interested to see if insomnia hypnotherapy could be for you. You have come to the right place. I have compiled a series of articles on this topic. This article is devoted to giving you the scientific background of hypnosis for insomnia. You can find links to the other articles further down the page.

insomnia hypnotherapyIndra Nooyi on her insomnia.

There aren't many studies on the efficacy of insomnia hypnotherapy. This mirrors the general lack of research on clinical hypnosis. I have noted the same in my articles "Stop Smoking Hypnosis- What Science Says" and "Weight Loss Through Hypnosis- What Science Says"

All in all it has to be said- there is little interest in research on the clinical applications of hypnosis- which is a pity, to say the least because hypnotherapy holds many promising possibilities. In many areas, hypnosis could contribute to reducing the use of prescription drugs, for example.


Research Studies on Insomnia Hypnotherapy

In the few studies that I managed to find, however, there is little disagreement about hypnosis for insomnia having beneficial effects for insomnia sufferers. This makes sense because naturally, relaxation- which is required for going to sleep- is at the very heart of hypnosis.


Here are some scientific findings on hypnosis for insomnia:

Meta study and review on insomnia hypnotherapy:

  • To start with, a recent review of the available research on sleep hypnosis across 24 studies, found hypnosis to produce significant improvements in sleep in 58.3% of cases.
  • The only ever meta-analysis carried out on insomnia hypnotherapy, ( Lam, Chung, Yeung et. al.  2015 (12)) found that a range of hypnotherapeutic interventions were all effective in lessening waking time, but concluded that more research was needed to be able to generalize as this meta analysis was based on only six studies.


Individual Studies on Hypnotherapy for Insomnia

Abramowitz,  Barak, Ben-Avi & Knobler, 2008 (1)

This study reports on the use of insomnia hypnotherapy with 32 combat veterans who also suffered from PTSD.

Results: "There was a significant main effect of the hypnotherapy treatment with PTSD symptoms as measured by the Posttraumatic Disorder Scale. This effect was preserved at follow-up 1 month later. Additional benefits for the hypnotherapy group were decreases in intrusion and avoidance reactions and improvement in all sleep variables."


insomnia hypnotherapyThe science behind insomnia hypnotherapy

Anbar & Slothower, 2006. (2)

This study reports on the use of insomnia hypnotherapy with schoolchildren. The study reports a high degree of resolution of the insomnia issue in the different client groups.

Results: "Use of hypnosis appears to facilitate efficient therapy for insomnia in school-age children."


Becker, 1993. (3)

This study reports on six case studies where insomnia hypnotherapy led to improvements in subjects' sleep patterns "lasting for over 16 months  after a simple 2-session treatment course."


Borkovec & Fowles 1973. (4)

In a study of 37 female college students the researchers found progressive relaxation and hypnotic relaxation to show significant improvement in sleep patterns, while the no-treatment group showed no improvement.


Farrell-Carnahan, Ritterband, Bailey et. al., 2010. (5)

Self hypnosis showed small treatment effects for sleep, fatigue, mood and quality of life and most participants perceived it as "at least somewhat helpful". 


Hauri, Silver, Boeve et. al.2007. (6)

In a 5 year follow up study the researchers concluded that "1-2 sessions are an efficient first line therapy for insomnia".


Lichstein & Johnson, 1993. (7)

57 older women, some on medication for hypertension and some not, received a course of three relaxation therapy. Of those on medication, 47% were able to reduce medication after treatment while those not on medication experienced significant sleep improvement.


Ng & Lee, 2008. (8)

in this review of studies on hypnosis for insomnia, the authors conclude that: "Acute and chronic insomnia often respond to relaxation and hypnotherapy approaches, along with sleep hygiene instructions. Hypnotherapy has also helped with nightmares and sleep terrors."


Serban, Padurariu, Ciobica et. al., 2013. (9) 

Authors conclude that: "Since the current means of pharmacologic treatment for insomnia present significant limitations, especially when treating chronic insomnia, a more suitable alternative could be attained by non-pharmacological approaches such as hypnosis. "


Stanton, 1989. (10)

45 subjects were randomly assigned to hypnotic relaxation, stimulus control, or placebo groups.  Results: " The hypnotic relaxation treatment was effective in helping subjects go to sleep more quickly. The stimulus control and placebo groups did not record similar improvement."


Woolfolk & McNulty, 1983. (11)

Studied relaxation treatments in 44 insomniacs and found that image based relaxation treatments (hypnosis) were slightly superior while all forms of relaxation treatment were superior to no treatment.


insomnia hypnotherapyBest practice when waking during the night is to get up- even just briefly.

How You Can Get the Very Best from Your Treatment

Some recommendation emerge from the research I cited above on how to best use insomnia hypnotherapy. These are useful to consider so that you can get the very best from your treatment. 

These recommendations are:

  • Often, the recommendation emerges to use hypnosis for insomnia in conjunction with other forms of therapy for insomnia, and not to rely on hypnosis alone to fix the issue.
  • Education on and implementation of proper sleep hygiene is deemed essential alongside. Of course this makes perfect sense. Your entire life style has to support a healthy sleeping pattern. Hypnosis is not a miracle cure (if you believe it to be- this comes in under hypnosis myths) and cannot solve the issue for you if you don't support yourself in every way you can. You can brush up on sleep hygiene in my article on self help for insomnia.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy is deemed very useful for many insomnia sufferers- if you find it difficult to change your behaviors around sleep and sleep hygiene, do consider talking to your doctor about such a referral. CBT, of course, works very well in conjunction with hypnosis. (13)
  • There are different types of hypnosis treatments for insomnia. The type of treatment that helps you to relax to send you off to sleep is very useful for mild to medium severity of insomnia. This form of treatment is called suggestion hypnosis.
  • If you suffer from severe insomnia, you should make sure to make regression hypnosis part of your treatment to deal with any underlying issues that may be causing your nervous system to be in chronic hyperarousal. These issues can include PTSD, anxiety, depression and similar mental health issues.


More About Sleep Hypnosis 


About Anxiety Hypnosis


About Depression Hypnosis


Learn Hypnosis Basics

If you are new to hypnosis, you may be interested in the following articles:

  • My article "What Is Hypnosis?" gives a simple explanation for what the state of hypnosis is and what it does.
  • "Does Hypnotherapy Work?" addresses those niggling doubts about hypnotherapy. Have you heard mixed things about hypnotherapy? This article is for you.
  • "How Does Hypnotherapy Work?" gives an overview over the main therapeutic techniques used in hypnotherapy so that you will know exactly what to expect.
  • "How Hypnosis Can Help" gives a great introductory overview about the top ten issues hypnotherapy is used to help people with.

Enjoy the read!


I hope you have found this article on insomnia hypnotherapy educational and useful. in the comments underneath, let our community know if you have learned something new, or simply how you are getting on.

Here is to your restfulness and well being.

Regards,

  1. Home
  2. Healing With Hypnotherapy
  3. Insomnia Hypnotherapy- The Science

References

1. Abramowitz,  Barak, Ben-Avi & Knobler, 2008. Hypnotherapy in the Treatment of Chronic Combat-Related PTSD Patients Suffering From Insomnia: A Randomized, Zolpidem-Controlled Clinical Trial, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 56:3.

2. Anbar & Slothower, 2006. Hypnosis for treatment of insomnia in school age. BMC Pediatrics 6, 23.

3. Becker, 1993. chronic Insomnia: outcome of hypnotherapeutic intervention in six cases. American Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy, 36, 98-105

4. Borkovec & Fowles 1973. Controlled investigation of the effects of progressive and hypnotic relaxation on insomnia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 82(1), 153-158.

5. Farrell-Carnahan, Ritterband, Bailey et. al., 2010. Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a self-hypnosis intervention available on the web for cancer survivors with insomnia. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology. 6(2): 10-23 

6. Hauri, Silver, Boeve et. al.2007.  The Treatment of Parasomniacs with hypnosis- a 5 year follow up study. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine

7. Lichstein & Johnson, 1993. Relaxation for insomnia and hypnotic medication use in older women. Psychology and Aging, 8(1), 103-111.

8. Ng and Lee, 2008. Hypnotherapy for sleep disorders Ann Acad Med singapore 37, 683-8.

9. Serban, Padurariu, Ciobica Et. Al., 2013. The Role of Hypnosis and Related Techniques in Insomnia, Arch. Biol. Sci., Belgrade, 65 (2), 507-510.

10. Stanton, 1989. Hypnotic relaxation and the reduction of sleep onset insomnia. International Journal of Psychosomatics, 36(1-4), 64-68.

11. Woolfolk & McNulty, 1983. Relaxation treatment for insomnia: A component analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51(4), 495–503. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.51.4.495.

12. Lam, Chung, Yeung et al., 2015. Hypnotherapy for Insomnia: A systematic Review and Meta Analysis of randomized Controlled Trials, Complementary Therapies in Medicine, Vol. 23, Issue 5

13. Kirsch, 1996. Hypnotic enhancement of cognitive-behavioral weight loss treatments—Another meta-reanalysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64(3), 517-519.






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